Agricultural employment in transformed co-operatives in Győr-Moson-Sopron county
Karácsony, Péter – Zrak, Viktória
Keywords: agricultural employment, competitiveness, change of political system, Győr-Moson-Sopron county
Transformation of the two co-operatives studied and conversion of a co-operative into a company limited by shares was accompanied by a great reduction in land size as well as in staff size. A significant portion (approximately 30%) of the people who were forced to leave their jobs became permanently unemployed, while others found work in other sectors (industry, services).
Our questionnaire and interview-based survey of the senior staff and employees outlined an unfavourable composition in terms of age: staff are in general rather aged. Due to income considerations, farms are less and less attractive for young agricultural white-collar workers. Nearly all young employees said they were paid too little. As for qualifications, it was found that the ratio of individuals with higher qualification (secondary school-leaving diploma, tertiary degree) was lower for en and higher for women. The employees we asked were satisfied with their work conditions, liked working in the plants and were not planning to find another job on the long term.